Hawkmoths of  Brazil  by Alan Martin

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Erinnyis & Phryxus

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Erinnyis alope alope (Drury, 1773)                                                           Common name: Alope Sphinx


Original description: Sphinx alope Drury, 1773. Illust. Nat. Hist. Exot. Insects 2: index [151].


Synonymous species: Anceryx edwardsii (Butler, 1881); Sphinx fasciata (Swainson, 1823); Sphinx flavicans (Goeze, 1780)


Type specimen locality: Jamaica


Distribution: occurs from northern Argentina through Central America and the Caribbean and into the southern states of the USA. In Brazil it is widespread and recorded from all regions. The subspecies E.a.dispersa Kernback, 1962 is found in the Galapagos Islands.


Erinnyis ello ello (Linnaeus, 1758)                                                             Common name: Ello Sphinx


Original description: Sphinx ello Linnaeus, 1758. Systema Naturae (Edn 10). 1: 491.


Synonymous species: Erinnyis cinifera Zikán, 1934


Type specimen locality: America [West Indies]


Distribution: breeds from the southern states of the USA southwards to northern Argentina. In Brazil it is widespread and recorded from all regions. It is probably the commonest Sphingid of tropical America (Moss, 1912). The subspecies E.e.encantada Kernback, 1962 is found in the Galapagos Islands.


Erinnyis lassauxii (Boisduval, 1859)                                                          Common name: Lassaux’s Sphinx


Original description: Anceryx lassauxii Boisduval, 1859. Bull. Soc. Ent. Fr. 1859 clvii.


Synonymous species: Anceryx janiphae (Boisduval, [1875]); Anceryx omphaleae (Boisduval, 1870); Anceryx piperis (Schaufuss, 1870), Dilophonota cercyon (Burmeister, 1878); Erinnyis merianae Grote, 1865


Type specimen locality: Montevideo [Uruguay]


Distribution: occurs from Mexico to northern Argentina and is widespread and recorded from all regions of Brazil.


Erinnyis impunctata  Rothschild & Jordan, 1903                                   Common name: none


Original description: Erinnyis impunctata Rothschild & Jordan 1903. Novit. zool.. 9 (suppl.): 365.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Venezuela, Aroa


Distribution: in South America it has been recorded from Equador, Peru, Bolivia and Argentina but has only been recorded from the West-central and South-east regions of Brazil.


Erinnyis crameri (Schaus, 1898)                                                                 Common name: Cramer’s Sphinx


Original description: Dilophonota crameri Schaus, 1898. Ent. News 9: 136.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Florida [USA]


Distribution: recorded from southern USA to Paraguay. It is widespread and recorded from all regions of Brazil.


Erinnyis obscura obscura (Fabricius, 1775)                                            Common name: Obscure Sphinx     


Original description: Sphinx obscura Fabricius, 1775. Systema Entomologiae 538.


Synonymous species: Anceryx rhaebus (Boisduval, 1870); Erinnyis cinerosa Grote, 1865; Erinnyis obscura jamaicensis Clark, 1935; Sphinx picta (Sepp, [1848]); Sphinx rustica (Schaller, 1788); Dilophonota domingonis (Butler, 1875); Erinnyis domingonis  pallescens Clark, 1936; Dilophonota festa (Edwards, 1882)


Type specimen locality: America


Distribution: widespread and recorded from Mexico to Argentina. It has been found in all regions of Brazil. There are two subspecies; E.o.conformis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 from the Galapagos Islands and E.o.socorroensis Clark, 1926 from the Revillagigedo Islands of Mexico.


Erinnyis oenotrus (Cramer, 1780)                                                              Common name: Oenotrus Sphinx   


Original description: Sphinx oenotrus Cramer, 1780. Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.). 4: 22, pl. 301, fig. C.


Synonymous species: Anceryx piperis (Boisduval, 1875); Dilophonota hippothoon (Burmeister, 1878); Erinnyis melancholica Grote, 1865; Sphinx penaeus (Fabricius, 1787)


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: recorded from Mexico to northern Argentina. It is widespread and recorded from all regions of Brazil.


Phryxus caicus (Cramer, 1777)                                                                                          Common name: Caicus Sphinx


Original description: Sphinx caicus Cramer, 1777. Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.). 2: 42, pl. 125, fig. F.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: found from Florida and Central America to Argentina. It has been recorded from all regions of Brazil except West-central.