Hawkmoths of  Brazil  by Alan Martin

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Isognathus

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Isognathus allamandae Clark, 1920                                                         Common name: none


Original description: Isognathus allamandae Clark, 1920. Proc. New. Engl. Zool. Club 7: 70.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Brazil, Pernambuco


Distribution: Isognathus allamandae occurs  widely in South America from Venezuela to south-east Brazil. It has been recorded in all regions of Brazil except the South.


Isognathus australis Clark, 1917                                                                Common name: none


Original description: Isognathus rimosa australis Clark, 1917. Proc. New. Engl. Zool. Club 6: 65.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Ururahy [Brazil]


Distribution: an endemic to Brazil, this species has only been found in North-east, West-central and South-east Brazil, and was originally thought to be a subspecies of Isognathus rimosa.  


Isognathus leachii (Swainson, 1823)                                                        Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx leachii Swainson, 1823. Zool. Illustr. (1) 3: pl.150, upper figure.


Synonymous species: Anceryx cahuchu (Boisduval, [1875]); Isognathus metascyron Butler, 1875


Type specimen locality: Brazil


Distribution: Isognathus leachii can be found in northern South America and in Brazil in the North, North-east and South-east regions.  


Isognathus swainsonii Felder & Felder, 1862                                         Common name: none


Original description: Isognathus swainsonii Felder & Felder, 1862. Wiener Ent. Monatschrift 6: 187.


Synonymous species: Isognathus rimosa brasiliensis Clark, 1919; Isognathus fumosa Butler, 1875; Isognathus zebra Clark, 1923


Type specimen locality: Brazil, [Amazonas], Rio Negro


Distribution: in Brazil swainsonii can be found in the North, North-east, West-central and South-east regions.  


Note: Isognathus rimosa brasiliensis is listed as a synonym of Isognathus swainsonii but some believe that it should be elevated to a separate species that replaces I.swainsonii in southern Brazil and should be re-named Isognathus brasiliensis. This proposed change has yet to be formally documented and accepted.


Isognathus scyron (Cramer, 1780)                                                             Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx scyron Cramer, 1780. Uitl. Kapellen 4 (25-26a): pl. 301.


Synonymous species: Anceryx pedilanthi (Boisduval, [1875])


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: occurs in Central America and into the North and North-east regions of Brazil.


Isognathus mossi mossi Clark, 1919                                                                      Common name: none


Original description: Isognathus mossi Clark, 1919. Proc. New England Zool. Club 6: 99-114.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality:  Brazil, Manaos


Distribution: reported from Venezuela and northern Brazil. There is one subspecies Isognathus mossi fabianae Lichy, 1981 found only in Venezuela.


Isognathus menechus (Boisduval, [1875])                                               Common name: none


Original description: Anceryx menechus Boisduval & Guenée [1875]. Hist. Nat. Insectes (Spec. Gén. Lépid. Hétérocères). 1: 124.


Synonymous species: Isognathus amazonicus Butler, 1876; Sphinx mnechus (Menetries, 1857).


Type specimen locality: French Guiana


Distribution: widely distributed across South America from Venezuela to Argentina.  In Brazil it has been reported from all regions except the South.


Isognathus excelsior (Boisduval, [1875])                                                 Common name: none


Original description: Anceryx excelsior Boisduval, [1875]. Hist. Nat. Ins., Spec. Gen. Lepid. Heteroceres, 1: 127.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Amerique meridionale


Distribution: reported from Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and the north of Brazil.


Isognathus occidentalis Clark, 1929                                                         Common name: none


Original description: Isognathus rimosa occidentalis Clark, 1929. Proc. New England Zool. Club 11: 7-24.


Synonymous species: Isognathus rimosa amazonica Clark, 1928; Isognathus tepuyensis Lichy, 1962


Type specimen locality: Brazil, Amazonas


Distribution: reported from the northern countries of South America and into the north of Brazil.


Isognathus caricae caricae (Linnaeus, 1758)                                         Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx caricae Linnaeus, 1758. Syst. Naturae (Edn. 10).1: 491.


Synonymous species: Sphinx cacus (Cramer, 1775)


Type specimen locality: Venezuela


Distribution: the nominate race Isognathus caricae caricae can be found from Mexico to Argentina. It has been reported from all 5 regions of Brazil. There is one other subspecies, Isognathus caricae rainermarxi Eitschberger, 1999 found in Peru (on the west side of the Andes Mountains).