Hawkmoths of  Brazil  by Alan Martin

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Miscellaneous Dilophonotini

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Hemeroplanes longistriga (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903)                     Common name: none


Original description: Leucorhampha longistriga Rothschild & Jordan, 1903. Novit. Zoologicae 9 (suppl.): 381 (key), 382.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Brazil [Santa Catarina]


Distribution: Hemeroplanes longistriga appears to have a restricted range in Brazil, northern Argentina and Paraguay. It has been recorded in the South, South-east and North-east regions of Brazil. It appears to favour higher altitudes (pers. comm.).


Hemeroplanes ornatus Rothschild, 1894                                                 Common name: none


Original description: Hemeroplanes ornatus Rothschild, 1894. Novit. Zoologicae 1: 74.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Rio de Janeiro [Brazil]        


Distribution: H. ornatus has been reported from Mexico, Venezuela, Ecuador and Brazil, where it has been recorded in the North, South and South-east regions.  


Hemeroplanes triptolemus (Cramer, 1779)                                            Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx triptolemus Cramer, 1779. Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.). 3: 40, pl. 216, fig. F.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: Hemeroplanes triptolemus occurs widely across the Neotropical region from Mexico to Brazil, where it has been recorded in all 5 regions.


Pseudosphinx tetrio (Linnaeus, 1771)                                                      Common name: Tetrio Sphinx Moth


Original description: Sphinx tetrio Linnaeus, 1771. Mantissa Plantarum Altera 538.


Synonymous species: Pseudosphinx tetrio albina Gehlen, 1941; Pseudosphinx tetrio lucia Moosburg, 1996; Pseudosphinx obscura (Butler, 1876); Sphinx hasdrubal (Cramer, 1779); Pseudosphinx tetrio suelli Moosburg, 1996; Sphinx plumieriae Fabricius, 1793.


Type specimen locality: [Meridian America]


Distribution: this species occurs widely across the Neotropical region from Mexico and the West Indies to South America. Breeding populations also occur in Florida and occasionally in Texas, with strays wandering as far as New Jersey and Connecticut (Tuttle, 2007). It has been recorded from all 5 regions of Brazil.


Pachylioides resumens (Walker, 1856)                                                    Common name: none


Original description: Pachylia resumens Walker, 1856. List Specimens Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 190.


Synonymous species: Chaerocampa versuta (Clemens, 1859); Pachylia inconspicua (Walker, 1856); Pachylia tristis (Boisduval, [1875])


Type specimen locality: Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), Honduras and St Domingo [Dominican Republic]


Distribution: Pachylioides resumens occurs throughout the Neotropical region and the Caribbean Islands, and strays have also been reported as far north as Florida and Texas in the USA. It has been recorded in all 5 regions of Brazil.


Madoryx bubastus bubastus (Cramer, 1777)                                        Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx bubastus Cramer 1777. Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.). 2: 84, pl. 149, fig. E.


Synonymous species: Madoryx lyncus Boisduval, [1875]


Type specimen locality:  not known


Distribution: found from Venezuela to southern Brazil. It has been recorded in all 5 regions of Brazil. The subspecies M. b. butleri (Kirby, 1877) is found in the West Indies.


Madoryx oiclus oiclus (Cramer, 1779)                                                     Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx oiclus Cramer, 1779. Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.). 3:39, pl. 216, fig. C.


Synonymous species: Madoryx faunus Boisduval, [1875]


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: M. oiclus oiclus occurs widely across the Neotropical region from Mexico to southern Brazil but is replaced in Jamaica by the subspecies M. o. jamicensis Neidhoefer, 1968. It has been recorded in all 5 regions of Brazil.


Madoryx plutonius plutonius (Hubner, [1819])                                    Common name: none


Original description: Hemeroplanes plutonius Hubner, [1819]. Verz. bekannter Schmett. 133.


Synonymous species: Madoryx deborrei Boisduval, [1875]; Sphinx pluto (Cramer, 1779)


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: the nominate race Madoryx plutonius plutonius occurs widely in South America but is replaced by M. p. dentatus Gehlen, 1931 in Central America. It has been recorded in the North, North-east, South and South-east regions of Brazil.


Pachygonidia caliginosa (Boisduval, 1870)                                            Common name: none


Original description: Perigonia caliginosa, Boisduval, 1870. Considerations Lepid. Guatemala: 66.


Synonymous species: Perigonia grandis (Boisduval, [1875]); Perigonia nimerod (Boisduval, 1870)


Type specimen locality: Mexico and Honduras


Distribution: occurs in Venezuela, French Guiana and the North and North-east regions of Brazil.


Pachygonidia mielkei Cadiou, 1997                                                          Common name: none


Original description: Pachygonidia mielkei Cadiou, 1997. Lambillionea 97: 515.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality:  Brazil, Santa Catarina


Distribution: an endemic of Brazil and has only been recorded from the South and South-east regions.


Pachygonidia hopfferi (Staudinger, 1875)                                             Common name: none


Original description: Pachygonia hopfferi Staudinger, 1875. Verh. Zool-bot. Ges. Wien, 25 (1).


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Chiriqui


Distribution: recorded from Central America and Peru, plus a single rather strange record from Santa Catarina in South Brazil which is in the Curitiba collection.


Pachylia ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)                                                                  Common name: Fig Sphinx


Original description: Sphinx ficus Linnaeus: 1758. Systma Naturae (Edn 10). 1: 491.


Synonymous species: Chaerocampa crameri (Menetries, 1857); Pachylia ficus venezuelensis Schaufuss, 1870; Pachylia lyncea Clemens, 1859; Pachylia undatifascia Butler, 1876


Type specimen locality: America, Florida


Distribution: Pachylia ficus can be found throughout Central and South America, and is a common Sphingid in Brazil. It also breeds in south Florida, is fairly common in Texas and has been recorded from Louisiana and Arizona (Tuttle, 2007). In Brazil it has been found in all 5 regions.


Pachylia syces syces (Hubner, [1819])                                                      Common name: none    


Original description: Enyo syces Hubner, [1819]. Verz. bekannter Schmett. 132.


Synonymous species: Pachylia syces cubensis Closs, 1911; Pachylia inornata Clemens, 1859; Pachylia syces septentrionalis Gehlen, 1944


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: the nominate race Pachylia syces syces can be found from Mexico to southern Brazil and Uruguay, and is replaced by Pachylia syces insularis Rothschild & Jordan, 1903 in the West Indies and Caribbean Islands. It has been found in all 5 regions of Brazil.


Pachylia darceta Druce, 1881                                                                     Common name: none    


Original description: Pachylia darceta Druce, 1881. Insecta.Lepidoptera-Heterocera Vol. 1 (1881-1900).


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Panama, Chiriqui


Distribution: widespread across northern South America and Central America. In Brazil it has been recorded from the North, North-east and West-central regions.


Oryba kadeni (Schaufuss, 1870)                                                                Common name: none


Original description: Pachylia kadeni Schaufuss, 1870. Nunquam Otiosus 1: 16.


Synonymous species: Clanis imperialis (Druce, 1883)


Type specimen locality: Amer. mer. [South America]


Distribution: Oryba kadeni has been reported from Panama to southern Brazil, but it is an uncommon Sphingid in Brazil and has been reported from the North, South and South-east regions.


Oryba achemenides (Cramer, 1779)                                                         Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx achemenides Cramer, 1779. Uitlandsche Kapellen, voorkomende in de drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Africa en America, by een verzameld en bescreeven 53, pl.225, fig.C.


Synonymous species: Oryba robusta Walker, 1856; Oryba juliane Eitschberger, 2000


Type specimen locality:  Surinam


Distribution: found in northern South America. In Brazil it has been reported from the North and West-central regions.