Hawkmoths of  Brazil  by Alan Martin

Home Keys Photo gallery Pinned specimens General Information Appendices

Manducas

See also the Photo Gallery or Pinned Specimens or return to the Manducas Key

Manduca janira (Jordan, 1911)                                                                 Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce janira Jordan, 1911. Novit. Zool. 18: 135.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Rio de Janeiro [Brazil]


Distribution: Manduca janira has a very restricted range in South and South-east Brazil and into Paraguay.


Manduca brasiliensis (Jordan, 1911)                                                       Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce brasiliensis Jordan, 1911. Novit. Zool. 18:135.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Brazil


Distribution: this species has only been recorded from South and South-east Brazil.


Manduca clarki (Rothschild & Jordan, 1916)                                         Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce clarki Rothschild & Jordan, 1916. Novit. Zoologicae 23: 248.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Fonteboa, Upper Amazon, Brazil


Distribution: found in the northern countries of South America, Ecuador, Peru and North and North-east Brazil.


Manduca lucetius (Cramer, 1780)                                                            Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx lucetius Cramer, 1780. Uitl. Kapellen 4 (25-26a): 21, pl. 301.


Synonymous species: Protoparce perplexa (Rothschild & Jordan, 1910)


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: only reported from the North and North-east of Brazil and French Guiana. Earlier records of lucetius from southern Brazil probably refer to the renamed Manduca contracta.


Manduca exiguus (Gehlen, 1942)                                                              Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce lucetius exiguus Gehlen, 1942. Entomologische Zeitschrift 56: 127-128.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Uruguay


Distribution: a recent split from M. contracta and found in Uruguay, eastern Argentina and South and South-east Brazil.


Manduca contracta (Butler, 1875)                                                           Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce contracta Butler, 1875. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1875: 12.


Synonymous species: Protoparce lucetius argentina (Clark, 1926); Protoparce lucetius nubila (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903); Sphinx panaguire (Berg, 1885)


Type specimen locality: Rio de Janeiro [Brazil]


Distribution: M. contracta ranges from eastern Bolivia through Paraguay to Brazil, and south to north-eastern Argentina. It has been recorded in the North-east, South-east and Southern regions of Brazil.


Manduca tucumana Rothschild & Jordan, 1903)                                 Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce tucumana Rothschild & Jordan, 1903. Novit. Zool. 9 (suppl.): 81.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Tucuman


Distribution: found in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and a single record from Rio Grande do Sul in Southern Brazil.


Manduca diffissa (Butler, 1871)                                                                Common name: none   


Original description: Sphinx diffissa Butler, 1871. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond.. 1871: 82.


Synonymous species: Protoparce diffissa ochracea (Clark, 1927)


Type specimen locality: Argentina, Buenos Aires


Distribution: Manduca diffissa can be found throughout South America. The nominate race Manduca diffissa diffissa occurs in south-east Argentina and Uruguay, but there are four subspecies of which M. d. petuniae (Boisduval, [1875]) is found in southern Brazil. The other subspecies are Manduca d. mesosa (Rothschild & Jordan, 1916) from northern Argentina, Manduca d. tropicalis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903) from Minas Gerais to Colombia, and Manduca d. zischkai (Kernbach, 1952) from Bolivia. One or more races occur in every region of Brazil except the West-central region.


Manduca sexta paphus (Cramer, 1779)                                                  Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx sexta paphus Cramer, 1779. Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.). 3: 39, pl. 216, fig. B.


Synonymous species: Manduca sexta peruviana (Bryk, 1953); Protoparce griseata (Butler, 1875); Sphinx nicotianae (Boisduval, [1875]); Sphinx tabaci (Boisduval, [1875])


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: the nominate race M. sexta sexta (Linnaeus, 1763) occurs widely across the USA and Central America, but is replaced across much of South America from Venezuela to Argentina by M. sexta paphus. There are four other subspecies: M. s. caestri (Blanchard, 1854) found in Chile, M. s. jamaicensis (Butler, 1875) found in Jamaica, Dominican Republic and St Lucia, M. s. leucoptera (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903) found in the Galapagos Islands and M. s. saliensis (Kernbach, 1964) found in Argentina. It has been recorded in all 5 regions of Brazil.


Manduca hannibal (Cramer, 1779)                                                          Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx hannibal Cramer, 1779. Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.). 3: 39, pl. 216, fig. A.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: this species can be found from Central America down to Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina. The nominate race occurs in southern Central America, Peru, Bolivia, and northern Brazil and is replaced by the subspecies M. h. hamilcar (boisduval, [1875]) in north-east, south-east and southern Brazil. The second subspecies Manduca h. mayeri (Mooser, 1940) occurs in Mexico.


Manduca lefeburii lefeburii (Guerin-Meneville, [1844])                    Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx lefeburii Guerin-Meneville, [1844]. Iconographie Regne Animal de G. Cuvier (Insectes). 3: 494.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Bolivia


Distribution: the nominate race M. lefeburii lefeburii occurs widely across Central America south to Argentina but is replaced in Mexico by M. l. bossardi (Gehlen, 1926). It has been recorded from all 5 regions of Brazil.


Manduca incisa (Walker, 1856)                                                                 Common name: none


Original description: Macrosila incisa Walker, 1856. List Specimens Lepid. Insects Colln Br. Mus. 8: 205.


Synonymous species: none. Interestingly, although this is a fairly distinctive species it was previously recorded as a synonymous species of M. lefeburii (Guerin-Meneville, 1844).


Type specimen locality: Rio de Janeiro [Brazil]


Distribution: this species can be found in Bolivia, Paraguay and has been reported from the North, West-central, South and South-east regions of Brazil.


Manduca prestoni (Gehlen, 1926)                                                            Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce prestoni Gehlen, 1926. Int. ent. Z 20: 172


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Manicore, Amazonas, Brazil


Distribution: reported from Ecuador and Northern Brazil.


Manduca herbini Haxaire [2014]                                                               Common name: none


Original description: Manduca herbini Haxaire [2014]. The European Entomologist V (2): 25-43.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Bolivia


Distribution:  a recent split, found in Peru, Bolivia and the West-central region of Brazil.


Manduca florestan (Stoll, 1782)                                                                Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx florestan Stoll, 1782. Uitlandsche Kapellen (Papillons exot.) 4: 216, pl. 394, fig. B.


Synonymous species: Diludia brevimargo, (Butler, 1875); Protoparce florestan argentinica (Daniel, 1949); Protoparce florestan cabnal (Schaus, 1932); Protoparce florestan vogli (Daniel, 1949); Protoparce maricina (Schaus, [1941])


Type specimen locality: Surinam


Distribution: this species has a wide range from northern Argentina to Central America, and is also an established resident in south-east Arizona and south-west New Mexico. However DNA bar-coding suggests that there may be several separate species that need to be split, including  a small  form that occurs on the coast of Santa Catarina and Parana. It has been reported from all 5 regions of Brazil.


Manduca vestalis (Jordan, 1917)                                                              Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce vestalis Jordan, 1917. Novit. Zoologicae 24: 59.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Para, Brazil


Distribution: reported from northern South America including the Northern region of Brazil.


Manduca corumbensis (Clark, 1920)                                                        Common name: none


Original description: Chlaenogramma corumbensis Clark, 1920. Proc. New Engl. Zool. Club 7: 68.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Corumba, Matto Grosso, Brazil


Distribution: reported from Bolivia, Paraguay and the West-central and South-east regions of Brazil.


Manduca albiplaga (Walker, 1856)                                                         Common name: White-plagued Sphinx


Original description: Macrosila albiplaga Walker, 1856. List Specimens Lepid. Insects Colln. Br. Mus. 8: 202.


Synonymous species: Protoparce albiplaga exacta (Gehlen, 1928), Sphinx trojanus (Schaufuss, 1870)


Type specimen locality: Rio de Janeiro [Brazil]


Distribution: M. albiplaga has been recorded from northern Argentina to Mexico, and there is a  single record from Kansas in the USA in 1970 (Tuttle, 2007). It has been reported from North, South and South-eastern Brazil.


Manduca leucospila (Rothschild & Jordan, 1903)                                Common name: none  


Original description: Protoparce leucospila Rothschild & Jordan, 1903. Novit. Zool. 9 (suppl.): 66 (key), 87.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Peru


Distribution: M. leucospila has a fairly restricted range in southern South America and has been reported from Argentina, Paraguay and south-east Brazil.


Manduca dalica (Kirby, 1877)                                                                    Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce dalica Kirby, 1877. Trans. Ent. Soc. London 1877: 243


Synonymous species: Phlegethontius garleppi (Rothschild, [1895])


Type specimen locality: Canada - but erroneous and most probably Peru


Distribution: Manduca dalica is a widespread species in South and Central America. The nominate race occurs in Northern Brazil but is replaced by the subspecies M. d. anthina (Jordan, 1911) in South and South-east Brazil.


Manduca rustica rustica (Fabricius, 1775)                                             Common name: Rustic Sphinx


Original description: Sphinx rustica Fabricius, 1775. Systema Entomologiae  540.


Synonymous species: Sphinx chionanthi (J.E.Smith, 1797)


Type specimen locality: America


Distribution: the nominate race Manduca r. rustica has a broad distribution across South America and northwards to the mid-atlantic states of the USA. There are four subspecies: M. r. calapagensis (Holland, 1889) found in the Galapagos Islands, M. r. cortesi (Cary, 1963) found in Mexico, M. r. cubana (Wood, 1915) found in Cuba and M. r. harterti (Rothschild, 1894) found in the Lesser Antilles. The nominate race has been reported from all 5 regions of Brazil.


Manduca chinchilla (Gehlen, 1942)                                                          Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce chinchilla Gehlen, 1942. Ent. Zeitschrift 56: 127-128.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Peru


Distribution: confirmed records of M.chinchilla are from Peru, Chile and Argentina, but similar looking specimens also exist in collections from a wider area including northern Brazil. Further work is required before the true distribution is understood.


Manduca fosteri (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)                                       Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce fosteri Rothschild & Jordan, 1906. Novit. Zool. 13: 178.


Synonymous species: Protoparce grandis (Daniel, 1949)


Type specimen locality: Paraguay, Sapucay


Distribution: a very restricted range in northern Argentina, Paraguay and there is one record from southern Brazil.


Manduca brunalba (Clark, 1929)                                                              Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce brunalba Clark, 1929. New England Zool. Cl. 11: 7-24.


Synonymous species: Protoparce centrosplendens (Gehlen, 1940)


Type specimen locality: Cuyaba, Brazil


Distribution: from northern South America and the Northern region of Brazil.


Manduca bergarmatipes (Clark, 1927)                                                     Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce bergamatipes Clark, 1927. Proc. New Engl. Zool. Club. 9: 103.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Argentina, Tucuman


Distribution: a very restricted range in northern Argentina, Uruguay and has also been found in Rio Grande do Sul.


Manduca lichenea (Burmeister, 1855)                                                    Common name: none


Original description: Sphinx lichenea Burmeister, 1855. Abh. naturforsch. Ges. Halle. 3 (4) (Sber.): 67.


Synonymous species: Macrosila lichenea (Walker, 1856); Chlaenogramma  muscosa (Jones, 1908); Diludia rufescens (Butler, 1875); Manduca suavis (Cramer, 1780)


Type specimen locality: Brazil, Nova Friburgo


Distribution: a restricted range in northern Argentina, Uruguay and South and South-east Brazil.


Manduca gueneei (Clark, 1932)                                                                 Common name: none


Original description: Chlaenogramma  gueneei Clark, 1932. Proc. New Engl. Zool. Club. 13: 39.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Brazil


Distribution: only reported from a small area of South-east Brazil including Rio State and Minas Gerais.


Manduca manducoides (Rothschild, [1895])                                         Common name: none


Original description: Phlegethontius manducoides Rothschild, [1895]. Dt. ent. Z., Iris. 7: 302.


Synonymous species: Protoparce breyeri (Kohler, 1924)


Type specimen locality: Bolivia, Santa Cruz


Distribution: reported from Argentina, Paraguay and North-east, West-central, South and South-east Brazil.


Manduca violaalba (Clark, 1922)                                                              Common name: none


Original description: Protoparce violaalba Clark, 1922. Proc. New Engl. Zool. Club 8: 4.


Synonymous species: none


Type specimen locality: Corumba, Brazil


Distribution: M. violaalba is an endemic to Brazil and has only been reported from the North, West-central and South-east regions.